• Constitutionalist Movement

    May 25, 2017

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    Posted in: General

    By Thus the ancient Villa de Pitic named after Hermosillo since 1828. The Western State, which included Sonora and Sinaloa, but split en1831 was established in 1824. The Sinaloa district of Alamos voluntarily joined the Sonoran territory. Sonora was the scene of internecine wars between conservatives and Liberals; disputed Jose Urrea and Manuel Maria Gandara power. In 1857 the general Ignacio Pesqueira succeeded him. In 1846 the California gold fever took 10% of the Sonoran; most returned in worse conditions. In addition to the loss of territory in the war with the United States, sold them the region of La Mesilla in 1853. As a result of the armed sorties of filibusters in Guaymas (1852 and 1854) and (1857) Caborca, Sonora was covered with glory.

    Likewise, the General Ignacio Pesqueira and Jesus Garcia Morales halted the French invasion, thanks to the victory achieved in 1866 in the plains of Guadalupe de Ures. In 1875 the Vice-Governor Francisco Serna spoke out in the village of Altar against the pesqueirismo and, in 1879, changed the capital of the State of Ures to Hermosillo. For his part, Jose Maria Leyva alias Cajeme and Juan Maldonado, Tetabiate, warlords yaquis, rebelled against the Government between 1882 and 1897; they were defeated and shot. Today are considered symbols of indigenous resistance. Guaymas and Nogales thanks to the railroad, which we joined with Guadalajara in 1927 were reported since 1882. From the pacification of tribes yaqui and mayo in 1887, he began the agricultural development in the southern part of the State. However, in 1906 he broke out in Cananea Mexico largest strike, precursor of the Mexican Revolution.

    A year later, the railroad Jesus Garcia Corona offered his life to save the town of Nacozari a dynamite explosion. Then Francisco. I. Madero was opposed to general Porfirio Diaz and aspired to the Presidency in 1910. The failure triggered the Mexican Revolution, whose followers in Sonora were Jose Maria Maytorena, Salvador Alvarado, Benjamin. G. Hill, alvaro Obregon, Plutarco Elias Calles and Adolfo de la Huerta, among others. After the assassination of President Madero in February 1913, the Governor of Coahuila, Venustiano Carranza, took refuge in Sonora and topped the Constitutionalist Movement, by which Hermosillo was the revolutionary capital of the country until March of the following year. Supported in Sonoran and sinaloenses weapons, he took the city of Mexico in August 1914, with alvaro Obregon to the front as the undefeated general. The Sonoran group rebelled against President Carranza through the Plan of Agua Prieta in April 1920. This group took control of the country and led to the Presidency to Adolfo de la Huerta (1920), alvaro Obregon (1920-1924) and Plutarco Elias Calles (1924-1928), who took firm steps to national reconstruction. In 1929 comes the uprising called the renewal, led by the followers of the assassinated President elect alvaro Obregon. Subsequent Governments have laid the foundations for the remodeling of Sonora, which became the breadbasket of Mexico in the middle of the last century, with half a million irrigated acres. Similar relevance had livestock. Already in the 1960s, emerged in Nogales maquiladora industry important. In the 1980s, the investment of the Ford plant in Hermosillo, did grow the State’s economy, while the tourist industry was expanded to our sierra and coast.

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