• Scientific Revolution

    May 4, 2017

    Posted in: General

    It was initiated with the new discoveries of the Scientific Revolution and characterized it principle for the position of that the reason can in them present the world and of that science must be broken up of the philosophy, then the rational basement of the new discoveries would be responsibility of the philosophy. As great representative of the period, Discardings (known as the father of the modern philosophy) was the first one to offer a reply for the impasse. He used a significant analogy (University Catholic of Brasilia, 1997), where he compared the human knowledge with a tree, being the roots metaphysics and the trunk the physics. Thus being, he would fit to the philosophy to define the beddings, and to science the phenomena and facts in itself. 1.5. Criticism Born in Germany, Kant was interested since the beginning for Newtonian science and if it questioned regarding the nature of our knowledge (Spider, 2003).

    In its Critical workmanship of the Pure Reason, he questions the one possibility ' ' reason pura' ' , independent of the experience. The criticism is characterized for the position to consider the critical analysis of the possibility, the value, the origin and of the limits of the rational knowledge they would be the starting point of the philosophical knowledge. A critical one to the Rationalism and the Empirismo can be considered. 1.6. Philosophy after-Kantiana Kant, when presenting its system that it intended to synthecize two great trends (rationalism and empirismo), and at the same time to surpass them and to decide its pendencies. Decurrent of these objectives, the German philosophy was very influenced by Kant in all the effective period of its system of idealismo. 2 German Idealismo 2,1 place and date Was initiated from the impact caused for the workmanships of Kant. It is extended since the decade of 1780 until middle of century XIX.

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