• Craftsman

    October 6, 2013

    Posted in: General

    However, the conditions of simple commodity exchange provided production capacity of more complex tools, requiring a significant investment of time and effort in their production. Craftsman long could work on these tools, since it had been always sell their products to maintain its existence, while the potential buyers of these instruments of labor – farmers – lacking its products for one-time payment. This begs the obvious out of the well this impasse – the union, co-operation of producers for the purchase of needed them more productive means of labor. But markets were still not developed, the farm was largely natural, incentives for transition to more productive methods of production was not enough and demand for, respectively, more productive and more sophisticated means of labor did not occur. The situation changed with the development of monetary relations. Individuals have to collect the money commodity – gold, silver (as opposed to ordinary goods, subject to damage) that it was possible to give ‘in growth’, with interest, for example, the farmer to purchase tools, seeds, etc., under its income from next harvest. More enterprising of the wealthy class saw a great benefit for themselves is to not release funds from their hands, but on the contrary, they acquire tools, hire employees for the firm fee and all profits from their labor to leave myself. Thus appeared the first factory and the first capitalists – the organizers of production.

    This stage in the development of human civilization can be dated to the emergence of economically and informed and politically-approved property rights law as separate from the ownership and superior it. Indeed, so far the ownership actually coincided with the right of possession: the peasant could hold only so much land that was able to process, a craftsman – only those tools, which he actually used, etc. The additional accumulation of land and labor resources are not any good brought, and therefore it was pointless and that the real income gave only ‘possession’ man – in the form of slavery, serfdom, debt and working out, etc. Ownership of the land of persons who are not working on it – the princes, lords, churches, etc., in fact, was acquired by force of arms and armed force is withdrawn. In the feudal monarchies of land ownership provided even less: the land with the peasants surrendered servitors people – nobles ‘to feed’ and the end of their service or dissatisfaction with it climbed to more successful transfer of the servants of kings. Thus, in these times of property in land and other resources and tools outside their individual efforts of employees was largely a form of manifestation of brute force the invader or the will of the monarch or feudal lord.

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